Here is the TP-CASTT analysis for “The Times They are a-Changin,” by Bob Dylan
Title: The title of this song suggests that things in the world are changing from what is currently going on to something new.
Paraphrase: In the first phrase, Dylan invites people to come around and listen to what he has to say. He suggests that things in the world are changing and that if people do not get on board, then they will begin to fall behind and sink like a stone in water. He ends the phrase by saying that the times are changing. The second phrase again invites people to come listen to what he has to say. He then invites the critics to come predict these changes but that something interesting is too come. Again Dylan ends by saying that times are changing. In the third phrase, he again invites people to come take up the call. He then goes on to say that people shouldn’t stop the progress and ends it by saying that the times are changing. In the final phrase, Dylan again invites people to join the progressive call. He ends it by saying that the people are growing out of date and that the times are quickly changing.
Connotation: This “poem” takes the form of a song. It is told from a first person point of view to a general audience. It alludes to a war which shows that progress is fighting against what is currently going on in the world. It uses repetition to further emphasize the point that the progress is coming.
Attitude: The speaker’s attitude is that he believes that the progress should occur. He believes that the people around him need to get on board with this progress. He constantly addresses his audience asking the people to come and join him and his cause.
Shifts: Shifts occur in each stanza, where Dylan addresses different problems of the people and encourages them to go with the progress.
Title: The title plays an extremely key part in the poem/song. The title is repeated at the end of each stanza to enforce that everything is beginning to change.
Theme: The theme of this poem is change. Throughout the poem, Dylan suggests that people join the progressive movement that is occurring.
Here is a link to the power point analysis:
Live life as if it will end tomorrow.
Be radical. Do things you wouldn’t imagine doing.
Life is too short to sit at home and be boring.
However, although you live life like you will die tomorrow,
Learn as if you will live forever.
Listen to those older than you, because they are much wiser.
Make wonderful friends that will always be there for you.
Be careful who you choose though…
Some will hurt you so be careful.
Although they may hurt you, be quick to forgive those who hurt you.
It is better to love and be hurt, than to never love at all.
So live your life to the fullest and don’t be afraid to take chances.
“One Art,” by Elizabeth Bishop is a poem about how it is easy to lose things and that it “isn’t hard to master.” In the first fifteen lines of the poem, Bishop throws out things like they are easy to lose. She describes how it is easy to lose things such as keys. However, in lines 16-19, the poem takes a dramatic shift. Bishop begins throwing things out that shouldn’t be easy to lose. The reader begins to think that Bishop actually cares about the things she says she doesn’t care if she loses. The Villanelle form of the poem, along with diction, contributes to this change.
The Villanelle form of this poem greatly contributes to the shift in attitude after line fifteen. Throughout the poem, Bishop uses the refrain, “The art of losing isn’t hard to master.” Bishop describes how things such as keys are very easy to lose. However, Bishop later describes losing more serious things such as three houses, cities, and a family heirloom. Bishop continues to say that losing these things “is no disaster,” and she returns to the refrain. In the final stanza, the reader begins to see the shift in Bishop’s attitude. She describes losing more serious things such as a loved one. She begins to use her refrain a little more weakly and shows that she can’t hide her pain anymore.
Diction also plays a large role in the shift between the first five stanzas and the last stanza. Bishop starts off by using things that people lose everyday such as keys and names. However, in line ten, Bishop begins talking about losing more serious things such as a house or an heirloom. This change in diction indicates an upcoming shift in attitude. In line 16 Bishop talks about losing her lover and forces herself to continue writing the refrain when she puts in the parenthesis, “(Write it!).”
So, “One Art,” by Elizabeth Bishop is a poem with a major attitude shift. It starts off describing how it is easy to lose things. The Villanelle form, along with Bishop’s diction further emphasizes this point. However, in line sixteen the attitude along with the diction takes a large turn. The reader begins to realize that Bishop actually cares about these things she says are easy to lose. She must force herself to continue to write the refrain and the reader realizes that she hasn’t truly recovered from her losses.
The Winter Personified
The weather outside warned us not to come out or it would freeze us.
The wind rushed through the house bringing in the frigid air.
The snowflakes beat down on the roof threatening to cave it in.
However, the fire inside danced a sweet jig;
It kept us all warm during the harsh winter night.
Our clothes hugged us tight and promised to protect us against the upcoming storm.
We huddled together and slept through the night;
Our dreams ran through our minds and we awoke into the long awaited summer.
JORDAN. (I) by George Herbert
WHO sayes that fictions onely and false hair
Become a verse ? Is there in truth no beautie ?
Is all good structure in a winding stair ?
May no lines passe, except they do their dutie
Not to a true, but painted chair ?
Is it not verse, except enchanted groves
And sudden arbours shadow course-spunne lines ?
Must purling streams refresh a lovers loves ?
Must all be vail’d, while he that reades, divines,
Catching the sense at two removes ?
Shepherds are honest people ; let them sing :
Riddle who list, for me, and pull for Prime :
I envie no mans nightingale or spring ;
Nor let them punish me with losse of ryme,
Who plainly say, My God, My King.
In the poem there are allusions throughout. In fact, the title is an allusion to the bible. In the bible, the river Jordan had to be crossed to get to the promise land. Jesus was also later baptized in the same river. So, the title alludes to the bible and represents a coming into a new environment and being renewed.
There is also a major allusion in the third stanza. Herbert uses the term shepherd which also alludes to the bible. In this instance, shepherd is used in two ways. One is to refer to the many shepherds in pastoral poetry which this poem is about. It also refers to a caretaker. Herbert is also a caretaker who takes care of people because he is a priest.
So, this poem uses many allusions to describe how poetry should be written and makes many references to the bible.
It had finally arrived at last!
After 180 days of hard work and tests it had finally come.
I could finally smell the sweet summer breeze.
I couldn’t wait to get back into the lake.
The lake was my favorite place during the summer.
I could go down for a little swim and to cool off
I can almost feel the refreshing water hit my skin.
The last day of school came and went…
I couldn’t wait to get into the water once I got home.
Then may plans to an unexpected twist.
I was on my home from school, when something terrible happened!
I rounded the corner when someone ran the light.
They slammed into the passenger side door.
The car shook like an earthquake had hit.
It was all a blur and I woke up in the hospital.
My right arm was broken and I had a fracture in my left foot.
After I heard the news the doctor said I wouldn’t be able to move around for two months!
I wasn’t sure what I should do.
My summer was ruined.
I couldn’t wait to get back into the lake.